xp&a extended planning and analysis

Budgeting, Planning & Forecasting

- 5 min read

xP&A: Taking FP&A approaches beyond finance to the wider organization

Large organizations have quickly realized that they must drive digital transformation efforts to remain competitive in today’s turbulent markets. In business planning and analysis, achieving this requires reducing the reliance on disparate spreadsheets, standalone systems, and disconnected point-to-point solutions and replacing them with a more coherent, standardized, and integrated approach. Businesses looking to adopt an end-to-end step-change that exemplifies the above should seriously consider Extended Planning & Analysis (xP&A).  

What is xP&A? 

xP&A is summarizable as taking essential Financial Planning & Analysis (FP&A) principles and extending them beyond the finance department. This is possible in any organizational area that produces business plans, including sales, marketing, and HR. 

Applying these concepts to xP&A eliminates traditional barriers between finance and operations to better connect strategic, financial, and operational plans.  

By synchronizing plans across the organization, xP&A helps businesses to benefit from greater transparency, alignment, and accountability for the actions taken by each department – with everything tying back to the financial implications of undertaking them. This works to add more agility which, given the complexity and pressure of the modern market, is necessary when change can occur at an incredible rate. 

What is the difference between FP&A and xP&A? 

The FP&A process provides finance teams with a structured approach to financial budgeting, planning, forecasting, and reporting – enabling them to inform strategic decisions and assess financial impacts. The challenge is that FP&A only offers a financial perspective, ignoring the activities and plans of other business areas that all contribute to the bottom line.   

The sales team has planned forecasts and targets, marketing a series of campaigns, HR plans for remuneration and headcount, and production has schedules, planned material, resources, and capacity. Each operational plan is typically conceived in isolation from the others, lacking real insight into the impact on the business. For example, a rise in sales requires increased production capacity, which needs additional headcount and machinery.  

xP&A, on the other hand, works to break down silos and create a transparent view across all business operational plans. Sales, marketing, HR, procurement, supply chain, and so on contribute to the bottom line; linking these plans helps identify each department’s impact from a financial perspective. This is, in part, the core of what xP&A can do. 

Why should organizations adopt an xP&A approach? 

Trying to manually collate data from different spreadsheets and systems to pull together an overall business plan is time-consuming and near-impossible, especially given the ever-evolving nature of planned activities. As a result, it rarely happens, leaving management teams without clarity over the relationship between the output of each team or the overall business picture. 

Likewise, traditional FP&A cannot adequately support the needs of modern businesses with the volatility we see in the markets.  

xP&A overcomes these significant hurdles. By applying standardized principles of FP&A to other departments, financial and operational data come together to generate collaborative sales, demand, procurement, HR, and IT planning with a common goal.  

Enterprises using xP&A principles will outperform those that are not through a robust, integrated approach to planning that focuses on informed, profitable decision-making at all stages.  

What are the key benefits of xP&A? 

The standardization, automation, and integration of planning activities business-wide bring far-reaching benefits for both management teams and employees:   

  • Complete performance transparency: Create a single view of financial and operational activity without the labor-intensive work required to try and piece everything together. 
  • Easier identification of opportunities: Unified, accurate data makes it easier to spot cost-saving or growth opportunities, especially when using scenario modeling techniques to simulate the outcome of changes. 
  • Complete business alignment: Strategic goals cascade down into operational activities to drive them and ensure all departments achieve the same purpose. 
  • Collaboration and accountability: The transparency created by the unified dataset identifies how one team’s activities impact another, encouraging collaborative working and ensuring full accountability of results.  
  • Empowerment of business partnering: Leaders have the tools to quickly identify opportunities for improvements in efficiency and output, enabling them to act as strategic advisors for the business. 

The overall result of xP&A is unification. The organization has the tools and access to data it needs to be more efficient and effective across all departments. 

How can businesses begin the finance transformation journey? 

When evolving from FP&A to xP&A, there is likely to be a significant shift in technology, general operational infrastructure, and organizational-wide mindset. Support from the C-Suite is therefore critical.  

With executive buy-in, businesses can then take the following steps to determine their transformational journey: 

  1. Evaluate FP&A maturity first to determine where improvements are required. 
  2. Examine the current technology at the organization (does it offer the flexibility and scalability needed for this task?) 
  3. Adopt the right planning solution – led by the Office of Finance. 

Of course, these steps are very high-level. Businesses need to fully explore the challenges of traditional planning and the benefits of extending its principles outside the finance domain with xP&A. Only then can they look to maximize the value of FP&A through xP&A and plan for success. 

Taking xP&A to the Cloud

Cloud xP&A is a maturing enterprise planning approach—consolidating financial and operational planning solutions on a single vendor platform. Application leaders can look to these vendors to enable continuous enterprise-wide planning and collaboration.

In the recent release of the Gartner® Market Guide for Cloud Extended Planning and Analysis Solutions, a proclamation is made that “through 2024, 30% of FP&A implementations will be extended to support operational finance processes, with 50% requiring a substantial cloud xP&A roadmap from their FP&A vendors.” Download the guide today to learn more.

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Gartner® Market Guide

Cloud xP&A Solutions